The Co-operative Movement of the Russian Far East

This page is made up Russian Far East Association of Co-operative Movement for accumulation, collection and systemization information of Russian and Foreign Scientists, experts, practicians, representatives of co-operative society and all who will be interested make prove and develop Co-operative movement in Russia, Russian Far East Aria and all countries of our small World.

"Asian Values" and Cooperation

Prof. Alfred Marshall defines economics as a "study of mankind in the ordinary business of life: and "Cooperation is one way of conducting certain part of this business". Mahatma Gandhi, the great Indian social and political reformer was basically an advocate of cooperative ideology. His concept of trusteeship, ethical code for economic behavior relating to production and distribution, organizational pattern of economic institutions based on decentralization, non-governmental interference and control, social and economic equality, respect for democratic values, organisation of the community etc. are the very foundation of cooperative concept and functioning. He defined cooperatives as a way of life. He was the living example of unity, equality, honesty, loyalty, service, sacrifice, selflessness, universal brother-hood, truth and non-violence.

According to him the basic values for the success of the cooperatives would be such as moral values, self-reliance, self-help through mutual help, democratic management, service organisation, decentralization of power, equality and justice, voluntarism, thrift and savings, elimination of exploitation.

Rabindra Nath Tagore, the Great Indian poet and philosopher and the first Indian Nobel Laureate enunciated certain basic values for the development of cooperation such as:

I)Be united
II) Work for the good of all
III) No charity
IV) Pool earning capacity
V) Wealth is latent in each of us
VI) Love cooperation
VII) No barest minimum